The present study was undertaken to determinate whether immunosuppression, induced by perioperative allogenic whole-blood transfusions (AWBTs), adversely affects prognosis after total resection of laryngeal cancer by promoting the appearance of recurrences. We studied 62 patients, aged 37–82 years with TNM stage III and IV (UICC, 1987) laryngeal cancer treated between 1977 and 1983. AWBTs were administered to 30/62 patients perioperatively. All patients were followed up for 4 years. After 4 years we found the following disease-free survival indexes: transfused, 12/30 (40%); nontransfused, 22/32 (70%; p < 0.05). On the base of these dates, we conclude that AWBTs exert a significant influence on early recurrence and on survival in patients with laryngeal cancer.

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