Citicoline (exogenous cytidine-5′-diphosphocholine) was reported to enhance dopaminergic neurotransmission in the brain. A few clinical studies showed beneficial effects of this drug on the function of the visual pathway in patients with glaucoma or amblyopia. The present study was aimed at determining whether citicoline could influence retinal catecholamine levels in adult male Albino rabbits. The animals received the drug (50 mg/kg i.p., twice daily) or vehicle for 7 days, and retinal catecholamine concentrations were determined by HPLC. Compared to vehicle-treated controls, citicoline-treated animals displayed a significantly higher retinal dopamine concentration and a tendency toward an increase in adrenaline concentration, while the noradrenaline concentration remained unchanged. It is, therefore, conceivable that citicoline reinforces dopaminergic transmission in the retina.