Scheimpflug photography and ultrasound biomicroscopy allow measurement of anterior chamber angle width. To analyze the value of both diagnostic tools, measurements of the same subjects were correlated. Anterior chamber angle width in both eyes of 20 volunteers without any ophthalmological case history was measured in eight meridians. Scheimpflug photographs were recorded on Kodak T-max 400 black-and-white film using a Topcon SL-45 camera. Measurement of chamber angle was done with the aid of a self-programmed PC software. Ultrasound biomicroscopíc measurements were obtained using a Humphrey UBM 840 system with a 50-MHz transducer. The chamber angle was measured as described by Pavlin et al. The data of both methods were correlated and analysed for statistically significant differences using a paired t test (level of significance p≤ 0.05). Both methods showed similar changes in chamber angle width and were able to document a variation in angle width with regard to location. The correlation averaged at 0.64. In 4 meridians significant differences were found between the two methods. Scheimpflug photography, however, is unable to visualize directly the angle itself. Both methods are limited by the fact that the angle is defined by curvilinear structures, i. e. posterior corneal surface and anterior iris surface. Scheimpflug photography is able to document changes in angle configuration. Ultrasound biomicroscopy, however, is a more precise method, because it allows direct documentation of all structures involved in chamber angle configuration.

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