Introduction: To evaluate the effect of an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab at the time of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery, on postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in high-risk patients selected by laser flare photometry. Methods: This single-center observational retrospective cohort study included 137 consecutive patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade for primary RRD with increased aqueous flare between July 2016 and June 2021. From June 2019, an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab was administered as an adjunct to RRD repair. Patients who underwent surgery before this time and who did not receive intravitreal bevacizumab served as controls. The main outcome was the rate of retinal redetachment due to PVR. Results: The median flare value was 22.0 (16.5–36.5) pc/ms in the control group and 28.2 (19.7–41.0) pc/ms in the bevacizumab group (p = 0.063). Eyes treated with bevacizumab were more likely to have macula-off RRD (p = 0.003), grade B PVR (p = 0.038), and worse visual acuity (p = 0.004) than controls. The rate of PVR redetachment was significantly lower in the bevacizumab group (11.1%) than in the control (30.1%) (p = 0.012). This difference was more pronounced after adjusting for potential confounding factors (p = 0.005); the risk of developing PVR was 4.5-fold higher in controls (95% CI, 1.6–12.8). After adjustment, the final median visual acuity was also significantly higher in eyes treated with bevacizumab (p = 0.025). Conclusion: This pilot study provides preliminary evidence that bevacizumab may reduce the risk of PVR-related recurrent RRD and improve visual outcomes in high-risk patients selected by laser flare photometry.

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