We review 77 patients with perforating ocular wounds due to occupational accidents seen in our hospital over a period of 5 years. Industrial accidents were the most frequent cause (61.04%), followed by agricultural (25.97%) and services trade (12.98%). Seventy-five patients were males (97.40%), with a mean age of 32.88 years. The cornea was statistically the most frequent location (p < 0.001). The nasal quadrants were more frequently affected than the temporal ones (p < 0.001) and the upper quadrants were also more affected than the lower ones, especially in the cornea (p < 0.001). Fifty-two percent had intraocular foreign bodies; industrial accidents were responsible of 65% of these injuries. They were significantly more frequent in summer than in autumn (p < 0.001) and spring (p < 0.001). We discuss the prognosis of these injuries and the circumstances that may influence in their occurrence, stressing the importance of prevention programs.

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