Aim: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was initiated in 1984 to test whether 1 cycle of anthracycline-containing adjuvant chemotherapy improves the outcome of breast cancer patients presenting with stage II disease and negative oestrogen and progesterone receptors (ER, PgR), as compared with 6 cycles of dose-reduced CMF. Patients and Methods: Within 7 years 263 women with stage II breast cancer were randomised either to receive 1 cycle of doxorubicin, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5- fluorouracil (AV-CMF) or to receive 6 cycles of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF). Patients were stratified for tumour stage, nodal stage, menopausal status, type of surgery and participating centre. Results: After a median follow-up of 100 months, neither disease-free (DFS) nor overall survival (OS) differed significantly between the two groups. Conclusions: Compared to 6 cycles of a non-standard low-dose CMF regimen 1 cycle of anthracycline- containing adjuvant chemotherapy failed to improve the outcome in women with stage II receptor-negative breast cancer in terms of DFS and OS.

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