Eine Literaturanalyse zur Phylogenese der erworbenen Immunität zeigt eine ansteigende Aktivität und Potenz dieses komplexen Appa-rates. Dieser Anteil des Immunapparates ist für die Immunosurveil-lance, das heißt die Überwachung und Erkennung transformierter Zel-len, verantwortlich. Offensichtlich wird die Immunkompetenz in Funktion und Morphologie mit zunehmender Erschwerung der Le-bensbedingungen aktiver und spezifischer. Das Ziel dieser Entwick-lung ist, den mit höherer Entwicklungsstufe vulnerableren Organismus gegen Umwelteinflüsse zu schützen und die Erhaltung des Lebens zu sichern. Ein Teil dieser in der Evolution erworbenen Kapazität gilt der Erkennung und Eliminierung bösartiger Zellen.

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