Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview

Introduction In the Netherlands, bariatric surgery in adolescents is currently only allowed in the context of scientific research. Besides this, there was no clinical pathway for bariatric surgery in adolescents. In this paper, the development of a comprehensive clinical pathway for bariatric surgery in adolescents with severe obesity in the is described. Methods The clinical pathway for bariatric surgery in adolescents consists of an eligibility assessment as well as comprehensive peri- and postoperative care. Regarding the eligibility assessment, the adolescents need to be identified by their attending pediatricians and afterwards be evaluated by specialized pediatric obesity units. If the provided treatment is considered to be insufficiently effective, the adolescent will anonymously be evaluated by a national board. This is an additional diligence procedure specifically established for bariatric surgery in adolescents. The national board consists of independent experts regarding adolescent bariatric surgery, and evaluates whether the adolescents meet the criteria defined by the national professional associations. The final step is an assessment by a multidisciplinary team for adolescent bariatric surgery. The various disciplines (pediatrician, bariatric surgeon, psychologist, dietician) evaluate whether an adolescent is eligible for bariatric surgery. In this decision-making process, it is crucial to assess whether the adolescent is expected to adhere to postoperative behavioral changes and follow-up. When an adolescent is deemed eligible for bariatric surgery, he or she will receive preoperative counselling by a bariatric surgeon to decide on the type of bariatric procedure (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy). Postoperative care consists of intensive guidance by the multidisciplinary team for adolescent bariatric surgery. In this guidance, several regular appointments are included and additional care will be provided based on the needs of the adolescent and his or her family. Furthermore, the multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention, in which the adolescents participated before bariatric surgery, continues in coordination with the multidisciplinary team for adolescent bariatric surgery, and this ensures long-term counselling and follow-up. Conclusion The implementation of bariatric surgery as an integral part of a comprehensive treatment for adolescents with severe obesity requires the development of a clinical pathway with a variety of disciplines.

This content is only available via PDF.