Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug-resistance-related protein 1 (MRP1), and lung resistance protein (LRP) was related to the response to induction chemotherapy and prognosis in untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods: We assessed immunohistochemical expression of P-gp, MRP1 and LRP, using formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens of lymph node in 41 patients with DLBCL. Association between expression of these three proteins and their impact on clinical outcome and prognosis was statistically evaluated. Results: P-gp was positive in 37% of subjects, MRP1 in 63%, and LRP in 68%. The complete remission rates achieved in the group expressing these multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins was significantly lower than in the group not expressing them (20 versus 58%; p = 0.025 in P-gp, 23 versus 80%; p < 0.001 in MRP1 and 32 versus 69%, p = 0.043 in LRP, respectively). Furthermore, the patients expressing LRP had a shorter overall survival rate than those that did not (median of 26 months versus median not reached; p = 0.013). Conclusions: These findings suggest that the three MDR proteins are important predictive factors for the clinical outcome and prognosis in patients with DLBCL.