The Italian Association for Paediatric Haematology and Oncology prepared a guideline document aimed at unifying and rationalising as much as possible the management of febrile neutropenia in children with cancer, because of the potential impact of these procedures on hospital costs and on the development of antibiotic resistance. Before starting anti-infective therapy, at least 2 blood cultures, a throat swab, urine-culture, and cultures from any suspected infected site, should be performed. Routine chest X-rays at onset of febrile neutropenia are probably not necessary, in absence of respiratory signs. At the present time, the safer option probably remains the combination of a beta-lactam and an aminoglycoside, and treating febrile neutropenia outside of hospital should be considered an investigational approach. The choice of the most appropriated regimen for each institution should be based also on the local bacteriological statistics and patterns of bacterial resistance. Antibiotic toxicity and cost should be other important factors. Every subsequent addition or substitution of antibiotics should be based on objective signs of clinical deterioration. The only accepted empirical modification is empirical antifungal therapy, while the empirical addition of a glycopeptide antibiotic cannot be recommended.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.