Immunohistochemically detected metallothionein expression [MT(+)] was shown to be related to aggressive behavior of the invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. In this study, MT expression was examined immunohistochemically in 92 cases of invasive breast carcinoma and compared with immunohistochemically demonstrated estrogen receptor (ER), c-erbB-2, Ki-67 status and clinocopathological characteristics. Of the 92 cases examined, 27.1% (25 cases) were MT(+), and high percentages of the solid tubular subtype of invasive ductal carcinoma (47%), medullary carcinoma (80%), and carcinomas with spindle cell metaplasia (100%) were positive for MT. MT(+) carcinomas showed tendency to have highly atypical nuclei, and nuclear staining for Ki-67 antigen was found in a higher percentage of cases than in MT(––) carcinomas. An inverse relationship between MT(+) and ER immunoreactivity was observed. MT expression was not associated with age distribution, menopausal status, tumor size or lymph node metastasis. The overall survival rate in MT(+) cases was worse than in those negative for MT, but no significant association was found. MT(+) was not associated with poor prognosis in total, estrogen receptor-negative or node-negative tumors. These findings suggest that MT expression in breast cancer cells is related to cell-proliferative activity, and that dedifferentiation of carcinoma cells may play a role in induction of MT expression.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.