The orthodox teaching has long been that lymph transports cancer cells to ‘lymph nodes’, while blood transports them to extra-nodal structures called ‘organs’. This dual classification dates back to over a century ago when extra nodal tissues were called ‘conglomerate glands’, whereas lymph nodes were segregated from the rest and called ‘conglobate glands’. Today, this archaic division is no longer valid. Correctly defined, lymph nodes are organs in their own right. Definition aside, since lymph nodes are nourished through the aorta like the other structures hitherto called organs, it is erroneous to assume that blood-borne cancer cells invade these other structures and spare the lymph nodes. For the uniformities in the mechanism of metastasis to crystallize completely, the organ status of lymph nodes requires recognition.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.