Spasmodic torticollis remains an ill-understood disease. A central deficit in neurotransmitter activity in the basal ganglia may be present in this disorder. In the present study, dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DBH) activity has been evaluated in the plasma of patients suffering from spasmodic torticollis and in their sibship in 4 informative families. In 1 of these families, 2 brothers are affected with torticollis and they have high plasma DBH levels. In the 3 other families the plasma DBH values are within normal ranges in the probands and their first-degree relatives. The genetic study of plasma DBH activity allowed to discriminate between two forms of spasmodic torticollis, one, which is most likely linked to familial torsion dystonia, appears to be associated with altered dopaminergic activity, while the other, nonfamilial with normal sympathetic activity an idiopathic or sporadic form of spasmodic torticollis.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.