Growing evidence has implicated the possible involvement of neurotrophins in the pathogenesis of functional psychoses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Previous studies reported a significant association of a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism of the neurotrophin-3 (NTF3) gene with schizophrenia. The aims of the present study were to examine whether this polymorphism is associated with bipolar disorder and whether the polymorphic region has an enhancer/silencer effect on transcriptional activity in an allele-dependent manner. In an association analysis between the polymorphism and bipolar disorder in a Japanese sample of 88 patients and 98 controls matched for age, sex, and ethnicity, the distribution of alleles did not differ significantly between the two groups. pGL3-promoter luciferase reporter vectors containing the polymorphic region increased luciferase activity relative to empty pGL3-promoter vector in HeLa, IMR-32 (neuroblastoma) and Hs683 (glioma) cell lines; however, no significant difference was detected between alleles for either cell line. Our results suggest that the examined polymorphism has no major role in giving susceptibility to bipolar disorder. Although the polymorphic region may have an enhancer-like effect on transcriptional activity, we obtained no evidence for allele-dependent differential effects.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.