A double-blind crossover study on the effects of deanol and lithium carbonate was conducted on a sample of 29 chronic schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia. In addition to his usual treatment with different neuroleptics, each patient received during an 8-week period either deanol, lithium carbonate or placebo. A 4-week wash-out period was inserted between each of the 8-week periods of experimental treatment of the tardive dyskinesia. The administration of either deanol, lithium carbonate or placebo added to the neuroleptic treatment did not produce a statistically significant improvement of tardive dyskinesia in our patient population as a whole. Favorable and unfavorable responses are discussed.