The article entitled “Long Noncoding RNA SNHG1 Promotes Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Activation and Inflammation in Microglia via Targeting miR-181b” [Neuroimmunomodulation. 2021;28(4):255–65; DOI: 10.1159/000514549] by Jun Dong, Tingkai Fu, Yunxue Yang, Zhenxin Mu and Xingang Li has been retracted by the Publisher and the Editor.

After publication of this article, concerns were raised about the integrity of some of the data presented. Specifically, in Figure 1a the representative image for ‘Control’ was found to be a partial duplication of an area of Figure 8a in a previously published article by a different author group [1]. The listed author Xingang Li separately contacted the journal and stated that they were neither involved in the research nor the writing of this article.

The remaining authors did not respond to our requests to comment on the image concerns or authorship of the article within the given timeframe despite multiple attempts of contact. The matter was raised to the corresponding author’s institution who did not respond to our request for an investigation. Given the severity of the concerns raised this article is being retracted. The remaining authors have not responded to our correspondence regarding this retraction despite multiple attempts of contact.

Yuan Wang, Jing-Chuan Sun, Hai-Bo Wang, Xi-Ming Xu, Yong Yang, Qing-Jie Kong, Jian-Gang Shi; RETRACTED ARTICLE: Effects of MicroRNA-494 on Astrocyte Proliferation and Synaptic Remodeling in the Spinal Cord of a Rat Model of Chronic Compressive Spinal Cord Injury by Regulating the Nogo/Ngr Signaling Pathway. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018;48(3):919–33.|