Background: Chronicstress has been proposed to aggravate allergic inflammation, whereas acute stress may have functional beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of timing of single short restraint stress (RST) in a model of eosinophilic airway inflammation. Methods: The airways of ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice were exposed to an intranasal OVA challenge. RST was applied in two different ways; either 2 h before (pre-stress) or after (post-stress) the OVA challenge, respectively, or as a combination of stress before and after (double-stress) the OVA challenge. One group of mice was also treated with metyrapone (ME) prior to a pre-stress challenge. The inflammatory cell response was evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), lung and nasal tissue, as well as bone marrow. Result: RST applied prior to the OVA challenge (pre-stress) inhibited OVA-induced airway inflammation in BALF and lung tissue, and reduced nasal histopathology compared to unstressed mice. Given as post-stress or double-stress, RST did not affect the inflammation in BALF, lungs or nasal tissue. Pre-treatment with ME prevented the pre-challenge stress evoked decrease in inflammation in BALF and lungs. Conclusion: Effects of RST on eosinophilic airway inflammation appear to be strongly dependent on timing and, as could be judged from the ME inhibition pattern, also corticosterone dependent. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation probably influences eosinophilic inflammation through specific sequences of compartmental activation and thereby timing effects are evident on cellular recruitment pattern during the allergic reaction.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.