Karger’s journal Neonatology was founded in 1959 as Biologia Neonatorum by Professor Alexandre Minkowski, Paris, who was the editor for 26 years. In 1970, the journal was renamed Biology of the Neonate, and on 1993, Developmental Pharmacology and Therapeutics founded by Professor Jack V. Aranda, Montreal, was incorporated. In 2006, the journal was renamed Neonatology. Following the editorship of Professor Jean-Pierre Relier, Paris, 1986–2003, Professor Henry L. Halliday, Belfast, and Professor Christian P. Speer, Würzburg, took over as Editors-in-Chief [1] in 2003. After Professor Halliday’s death in 2022 [2], Professor Ola D. Saugstad, Oslo, became joint Editor-in-Chief in 2023.

In the year 2023, 453 manuscripts from 33 countries were submitted to Neonatology, and more than 50% of these were rejected before review. Some reasons for rejecting a manuscript, in addition to quality, could be insufficient ethical approval or missing registration of trials and systematic reviews before the trial or review was started [3, 4]. Change of outcome measures from the protocol without any reasonable justification in general leads to rejection [5]. The overall acceptance rate was 20% after one or two revisions.

The USA, the Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Japan, Australia, China, Canada, and the UK were the countries with most accepted manuscripts in 2023. We receive an increasing number of manuscripts from Asia, which is most welcomed; however, manuscripts from the African continent are almost absent.

Without the reviewers, it would not be possible to run a peer reviewed journal. We also want to compliment and express our heartfelt gratitude to the editorial board members, all highly dedicated reviewers from all continents who have spent hours on each manuscript making assessments which are the basis for the editor’s decisions. Although the journal is celebrating 65 years of publishing, fetal and neonatal research it is far from the age of retirement.

In 2024, the journal will be reorganized further. In addition to the two Editors-in-Chief, three Associate Editors have been appointed: Professor Wally Carlo from Birmingham, Alabama (Global Health), Professor Haresh Kirpalani from Philadelphia/Berlin (Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews), and Professor Satyan Lakshminrusimha from Davis, California (Basic Science). These three highly internationally distinguished and recognized Associate Editors will certainly contribute to moving Neonatology one step further to the forefront of communicating cutting edge in international neonatal research and clinical practice.

Together with 22 new editorial board members from 14 countries, Neonatology has a global editorial board consisting of highly competent neonatologists and scientists from all parts of the world covering all aspects of neonatology. The Editors-in-Chief therefore have high expectations for the future and believe Neonatology will develop further as one of the leading journals in fetal and neonatal research: from basic science to clinical practice.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

No funding was received.

O.D.S. and C.P.S. contributed equally to this editorial. Both took part in writing and editing.

1.
Halliday
HL
,
Speer
CP
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2019
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9
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2.
Speer
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,
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OD
.
Henry L. Halliday (1945-2022)
.
Neonatology
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2023
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120
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1
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1
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3.
5.
Saugstad
OD
,
Kirpalani
H
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Searching for evidence in neonatology
.
Acta Paediatr
.
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;
112
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8
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52
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