Introduction: Simulation-based training (SBT) aids healthcare providers in acquiring the technical skills necessary to improve patient outcomes and safety. However, since SBT may require significant resources, training all skills to a comparable extent is impractical. Hence, a strategic prioritization of technical skills is necessary. While the European Training Requirements in Neonatology provide guidance on necessary skills, they lack prioritization. We aimed to identify and prioritize technical skills for a SBT curriculum in neonatology. Methods: A three-round modified Delphi process of expert neonatologists and neonatal trainees was performed. In round one, the participants listed all the technical skills newly trained neonatologists should master. The content analysis excluded duplicates and non-technical skills. In round two, the Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation Needs Assessment Formula (CAMES-NAF) was used to preliminarily prioritize the technical skills according to frequency, importance of competency, SBT impact on patient safety, and feasibility for SBT. In round three, the participants further refined and reprioritized the technical skills. Items achieving consensus (agreement of ≥75%) were included. Results: We included 168 participants from 10 European countries. The response rates in rounds two and three were 80% (135/168) and 87% (117/135), respectively. In round one, the participants suggested 1964 different items. Content analysis revealed 81 unique technical skills prioritized in round two. In round three, 39 technical skills achieved consensus and were included. Conclusion: We reached a European consensus on a prioritized list of 39 technical skills to be included in a SBT curriculum in neonatology.

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