Background: Several reports indicate a decreased cortisol response to adrenocorticotropic hormone in preterm infants developing chronic lung disease and in preterm infants with refractory hypotension. Low-dose hydrocortisone (HC) may allow for beneficial effects. Objective: Our aim was to assess whether HC is able to increase survival without chronic lung disease. Methods: We performed a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty mechanically ventilated infants (birth weight: 500–1,249 g) were randomized to receive treatment (HC 0.5 mg/kg/12 h for 9 days, then HC 0.5 mg/kg/24 h for 3 days) or placebo. Major outcome was survival without oxygen dependence at 36 weeks of postconceptional age (O2-free survival). Results: The basic characteristics were similar between the two groups. O2-free survival was higher in the HC group (64 vs. 32%). The advantage was particularly evident among infants without antenatal steroids. The mortality rate was 16% in the HC group versus 40% in the control group (difference not significant). Hypotension after recruitment was reduced by HC (0 vs. 30%). The incidence of gastrointestinal perforation and other adverse effects was similar between the two groups. Conclusions: HC prophylaxis improved O2-free survival and early cardiocirculatory function in our population, without important short-term effects. The neurodevelopmental outcome will be assessed at 2 years.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.