Small-for-gestational-age infants are a heterogeneous collection of growth-retarded infants. In the subgroup of intrauterine-malnourished infants an attempt is made to quantify the degree of malnutrition by postnatal measurements of length, weight and fat-fold thickness. In 48 clinically wasted and not-wasted term newborns, regardless of birth weight, the ponderal index of Rohrer (100 × W/L3) was determined and the deviation from Ê»normal’ calculated. The deviations are correlated with fat-fold thickness and clinical diagnosis. A highly significant correlation gives support to the view that both ponderal index deviation from Ê»normal’ and fat-fold thickness are useful parameters to quantify the effect of intrauterine malnutrition in newborns.

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