Introduction: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) is not used routinely as a diagnostic biomarker in newborns. The high precision of hs-cTnT assays increases the ability to determine small differences in cTnT over time and to detect troponin T elevation; thus, we believe that hs-cTnT assays might improve clinical care. We explored the plausible association between hs-cTnT levels (ng/L) in healthy newborns and prolonged second stage of labor, neonatal, and maternal factors. Methods: A prospective study was performed among healthy newborns in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department at Hillel Yaffe Medical Center in Israel in January–June 2021. The sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, maternal age, gravidity, parity, Pitocin use, epidural analgesia, and neonatal anemia were obtained from the electronic medical records. Gestational age was determined by ultrasound biometric measurements. We classified second-stage labor as normal or prolonged using the WHO guidelines. Samples from umbilical cord blood were drawn using syringes rinsed with anticoagulant by a specialist in pediatrics. The remaining blood was used to determine hs-cTnT levels (ng/L), which was defined as a continuous quantitative variable with the median value and the 25th–75th percentiles. Results: Overall, 184 cord blood samples were performed from healthy newborns (60.6% males) with a median hs-cTnT of 39.03 (25th–75th percentiles = 30.53–54.09) ng/L. A multivariable linear regression model showed no significant association between neonatal anemia and hs-cTnT levels (ng/L) (p = 0.8). Gestational age (B coefficient −4.24, p < 0.001) and gravidity (B coefficient −2.41, p = 0.03) were negatively associated with hs-cTnT levels (ng/L), while Pitocin use (B coefficient 6.91, p = 0.04) and prolonged second stage of labor (B coefficient 18.07, p = 0.02) were positively associated with hs-cTnT levels (ng/L). Conclusions: High hs-cTnT levels (ng/L) were documented in the cord blood of healthy newborns. Hs-cTnT levels were positively correlated with a prolonged second stage of labor and Pitocin use and negatively correlated with longer gestational age and higher gravidity. Hs-cTnT may signify labor-related fetal distress. A larger surveillance study is mandatory to establish this correlation and assess for possible prognostic significance of elevated hs-cTnT in this context.

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