Introduction: This study sought to decipher the mechanism of transitions between life-history stages in a seasonally reproducing subtropical finch, Amandava amandava delineating the plasticity of the gonadotropes (LH cells), lactotropes (PRL cells), and thyrotropes (TSH cells) in the pituitary gland including the pars tuberalis, with regard to the in situ expression, morphological characteristics, and alteration in the plasma levels of hormones. Methods: Immunohistochemistry of LH, PRL, TSH cells, morphometry and densitometry of expressed hormones (Image J software analysis), and ELISA for plasma hormonal levels were performed. Results: LH, PRL, and TSH cells showed remarkable plasticity during the annual seasonal reproductive cycle. In the PT, all the 3 cell types were detected during the breeding phase, with additional detection of the TSH immunoreactivity during the pre-breeding and the PRL immunoreactivity during post-breeding phases. Pars distalis (PD) expressions and the plasma levels of the LH and TSH were at the peak during the breeding phase, but the PRL peak was during the post-breeding phase. In addition to PRL in the neurohypophysis and in the median eminence, hypothalamic PRL, and TSH were also elucidated. Conclusions: This study suggests activation of the gonadal axis by the PT TSH which might transduce seasonal cues, but not specifically photoperiod, in the birds of the tropics/subtropics. Post-breeding phase sustained high plasma TSH and peak plasma PRL might coordinate the transition to the non-breeding phase including the trigger of parental care as the later hormone assigned with. Hypothalamic TSH and PRL might influence events of seasonality through central modulation.

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