In male rats androgens are involved in the regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) synthesis and secretion. Two nonsteroidal antiandrogens, fiutamide and Casodex, were used to study the influence of androgens on the carbohydrate structure of FSH isoforms and the relationship with their bioactivity in prepubertal male rats. Different doses of flutamide or Casodex (vehicle, 1, 5, or 10 mg/rat/day) were administered subcutaneously for 10 days to 23-day-old rats. Immunological FSH was determined by radioimmunoassay and the bioactivity by in vitro Sertoli cell bioassay. Concanavalin A affinity chromatography was used to study the distribution of immunoactive and bioactive pituitary FSH isoforms. A significant depletion of immunological and biological pituitary FSH contents was observed even at the lowest dose of flutamide or Casodex used. The bioactive/immunoactive ratio of pituitary FSH was reduced at the highest dose of flutamide; however, no change was observed in Casodex-treated rats, suggesting a differential effect of the antiandrogens on the FSH bioactivity. Flutamide treatment provoked a significant decrease in proportion and bioactivity of FSH isoforms bearing biantennary and truncated hybrid oligosaccharide side chains and an increase in the proportion but a decrease in bioactivity of FSH isoforms bearing high-mannose oligosaccharides. Conversely, Casodex administration did not modify the proportions of FSH isoforms, although those bearing biantennary and truncated hybrid structures were less bioactive, while those bearing high-mannose oligosaccharides were more bioactive. The highest dose of flutamide decreased the bioactive/immunoactive ratio of FSH isoforms with a high degree of branching in their carbohydrate chains. Our results suggest that androgens, acting directly and indirectly at the pituitary, regulate the selective incorporation of sugar residues to the FSH molecule, thus modulating its biological activity.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.