The actions of opioids on electrically evoked release of oxytocin, vasopressin, and noradrenaline – using the [3H]-noradrenaline technique – from the rat neurohypophysis were examined in vitro. Antagonism of the action of endogenous neurohypophysial opioids with naloxone enhanced release of peptides and [3H]-noradrenaline differentially. Naloxone enhanced oxytocin release by 100 and 173% in two series of experiments (ED50 7× 10–7M), whilst vasopressin release was enhanced by only 30 and 20%, respectively. [3H]-noradrenaline release was maximally enhanced by 41% (ED50 2× 10–7M). We examined the opioid receptor subtypes mediating these effects using selective receptor agonists. The ĸ-agonist U-50,488H inhibited oxytocin and vasopressin release to a similar extent, but did not modify [3H]-noradrenaline release. The effects of U-50,488H were completely prevented by a tenfold molar excess of naloxone. The µ-agonist (Z)-Ala2, MePhe5 Gly-ol)-enkephalin also failed to inhibit [3H]-noradrenaline release and caused only a minor inhibition of oxytocin and vasopressin secretion. The δ-agonist (D-Pen2, D-Pen5)-enkephalin was without effect. We conclude that (1) ĸ-re-ceptors sensitive to U-50,488H mediate opioid inhibition of secretion from oxytocin and vasopressin nerve terminals; (2) when opioid actions are blocked by naloxone, opioid peptides within the neurohypophysis are shown to exert a much greater influence over oxytocin compared to vasopressin terminals; (3) neurohypophysial opioids also regulate release from noradrenergic terminals, although the nature of the receptors involved remains unclear, and (4) ĸ-receptors can mediate inhibition of neurohormone secretion by an action independent of the neurohypophysial noradrenergic innervation.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.