The role of thyroid hormones on the development of intracellular glucocorticoid receptor concentrations was examined in the hippocampus, hypothalamus, and pituitary of the rat. Adult animals, administered triiodothyronine (T3; 1.0 µg/g body weight) on days 1, 2, and 4 of life or thyroxine (T4; 2.5 µg/g body weight) on days 1 and 2 of life, had significantly elevated glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in the hippocampus, but not in hypothalamus or pituitary. Adult animals treated with propylthiouracil (PTU; 0.2% in the mother’s food), a thyroid hormone synthesis inhibitor, for the first 2 weeks of life showed decreased glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in hippocampus, but not in hypothalamus or pituitary. We then examined whether thyroid hormones might mediate the effects of early stimulation on the development of hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor concentrations. Animals that were handled for 15 min daily (Ha) for the first 2 weeks of life showed increased hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor concentrations as adults compared to nonhandled (NHa) controls. PTU administration blocked the effects of handling, such that Ha/PTU animals showed hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor concentrations that were indistinguishable from those of NHa animals. In contrast, corticosterone administration over the first 2 weeks of life had no effect on adult hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor concentrations. These data suggest that thyroid hormones mediate, in part at least, the development of glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in the hippocampus and that this effect occurs independently of their effects on corticosterone titers.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.