The dopamine antagonist [3H]-domperidone [3H]-DOM -bound to a single class of high-affinity (Kd = 1.24 ± 0.14 nM) and saturable receptors on dispersed bovine anterior pituitary (AP) cells. The binding of [3H]-DOM was stereoselective and reversible with agonists and antagonists. Dopamine competitions for [3H]-DOM binding modeled best for a single site consistent with an interaction with a homogeneous population of receptors. The mean number of specific binding sites labeled by [3H]-DOM was 53,000 per cell in dispersed AP cells consisting of 42% lactotrophs. Dispersed bovine AP cells attached to extracellular matrix within 3 h, and prolactin secretion from these cells was effectively inhibited by dopamine. Several observations suggested that [3H]-DOM-labeled receptors on dispersed bovine AP cells were restricted to the outer plasma membrane and not internalized. These included (1) the rapid and complete dissociation of specific [3H]-DOM binding; (2) the ability of treatment with acid or proteolytic enzymes to entirely remove specifically bound pH]-DOM, and (3) the lack of effect of metabolic inhibitors on specific [3H]-DOM binding.

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