Delayed allograft function (DGF) is defined as dialysis treatment in the kidney transplant recipient in the first week following transplantation. With the demand for kidney transplants growing and the supply limited, as well as implementation of a national allocation scheme for deceased donor kidneys, rates of DGF remain high, on average, 30% for recipients of deceased donor kidneys. DGF is associated with inferior allograft outcomes, and there are no FDA-approved therapies to mitigate this disorder. There is renewed interest in this therapeutic arena, and there are several recent clinical trials that have considered interventions within the recipient to reduce injury. A critical issue is that of trial design and end points as well as translating from acute kidney injury (AKI) trials in cardiac bypass to the more complicated kidney transplant scenario. DGF is a significant clinical outcome after kidney transplantation without known approved therapy beyond clinical support. This mini-review highlights our presentation at the 24th International Conference on Advances in Critical Care Nephrology and UAB/UCSD O’Brien Center AKI Pre-Meeting.

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