Background: Chemokines orchestrate immune cells activation and infiltration during acute kidney injury (AKI). Objectives: We aim to test whether deletion of C-C chemokine ligand 7 (CCL7), a small chemokine related to CCL2 (MCP-1), may modulate AKI development and progression toward kidney fibrosis. Method: Expression of CCL7 was quantified in murine cortical tubular (MCT) cells exposed to myoglobin or lipopolysaccharide or submitted to metabolic reprogramming. Kidney function (BUN, glomerular filtration rate), expression of CCL7 receptors, and kidney infiltration by inflammatory cells (F4/80+ macrophages, MPO+ neutrophils, and B220+ B-cells) were assessed in wt and Ccl7−/− mice submitted to 3 different models of AKI or kidney fibrosis (uni/bilateral ischemia/reperfusion injury (u/bIRI) and rhabdomyolysis). Results: Toxin exposure of MCT cells, as well as metabolic reprogramming recapitulating AKI changes, led to a dramatic up-regulation of CCL7. In vivo, kidney expression of Ccl7 and Ccl2 significantly increased after AKI and remained increased beyond the acute phase (30 days after uIRI). The expression of the CCL7 receptors was heterogeneous and varied with time. Kidney function, expression of CCL7 receptors and Ccl2, and the number of inflammatory cells within kidneys were similar in wt and Ccl7−/− mice at baseline and at day 2 after AKI. Thirty days after uIRI, kidney fibrosis was similar in both mouse strains. Conclusions: Despite strong induction of CCL7 after AKI, CCL7 deficiency does not prevent AKI and the transition toward kidney fibrosis and should probably not be further explored as a potential target to prevent or treat AKI.

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