The renoprotective effect and safety of an angiotensin II receptor blocker, losartan, were studied in 11 diabetic and 14 nondiabetic patients with a daily urinary protein excretion >500 mg. Once-daily losartan was administered to all patients for 16 weeks without diuretics or other antihypertensive agents. A daily dose of 50 mg was given to those patients with a sitting systolic blood pressure of between 130 and 170 mm Hg; 25 mg was given to patients with a systolic blood pressure of between 110 and 130 mm Hg. Sixteen patients (6 diabetic and 10 nondiabetic patients) had a more than 25% decrease of their daily urinary protein excretion (response rate 64%). The mean decrease in these 16 patients was 57 ± 17% (p < 0.05). Two patients (1 diabetic and 1 nondiabetic) had more than a 25% increase of their urinary protein excretion. The trough sitting systolic blood pressure of all patients (n = 25) decreased from 142 ± 17 to 125 ± 13 mm Hg (p < 0.05) and the trough sitting diastolic blood pressure from 87 ± 11 to 78 ± 11 mm Hg (p < 0.05). Serum uric acid was measured in 16 patients; a decrease from 7.3 ± 1.6 to 6.6 ± 1.4 mg/dl (a 9.6% decrease, p < 0.05) was found after 16 weeks. Our study showed that in both diabetic and nondiabetic proteinuric patients once-daily losartan, given as monotherapy at doses of 25 or 50 mg, was effective in reducing blood pressure, serum uric acid levels, and daily urinary protein excretions.

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