We investigated the effect of dialysate ultrafiltration on the content of IL-l receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) in mononuclear cells (PBMC) as a marker of the inflammatory response. 11 patients on Cuprophan dialyzers were randomly assigned to treatment with standard bicarbonate dialysate first and then to ultrafiltered dialysate or the reverse order in a crossover design. In each treatment period (at least 4 weeks) weekly separations of PBMC were performed before the start of dialysis. Cellular content of IL-1Ra was determined in PBMC that were frozen immediately after separation; all values of IL-1Ra in each treatment period were averaged. The dialysate contained a median of 148 (range, 61-400) colony-forming units without dialysate filter; no bacterial growth was detected in ultrafiltered dialysate. The median endotoxin content was 80 pg/ml in nonfiltered dialysate; endotoxin was below 5 pg/ml in all ultrafiltered dialysate samples. Cellular content of IL-1Ra decreased in all but 1 patient with the use of ultrafiltered dialysate (mean ± SEM: 1,4676± 113 pg/ml without dialysate filter vs. 1,166 ± 104 pg/ml with filter, p = 0.016). The present study demonstrates that the bacterial contamination of the dialysate induces a systemic inflammatory response in hemodialysis patients.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.