Over a period of 68 months we observed 33 patients with biopsy-confirmed severe crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) and another 5 patients who fulfilled the clinical criteria of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN; no biopsy confirmation) in a region comprising approximately 930,000 inhabitants. Additional 7 patients with Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG)/microscopic polyarteritis (MP) from the same region were not seen by nephrologists. The calculated annual incidence of crescentic GN/RPGN is 0.7/100,000. Of the 38 patients 13 had classical WG, 7 MP, 3 systemic lupus erythematosus, 5 Schönlein-Henoch purpura, 3 Goodpasture’s syndrome, 2 IgA glomerulonephritis. Of note is the high prevalence of WG/MP and the relative frequency of Schönlein-Henoch purpura. At the last follow-up, 3 patients were dead (8%), 7 patients were on dialysis (18%), 7 patients had elevated serum creatinine (18%) and 21 patients had normal serum creatinine (55%). We conclude that: (i) RPGN is more frequent than reported; (ii) WG and MP account for more than 50% of cases of RPGN; (iii) renal functional prognosis is good in WG/MP, but less favorable in RPGN of other causes; (iv) severe hypertension is not a feature of RPGN; (v) WG/MP, and not Goodpasture’s syndrome, is the most common cause of pulmonary hemorrhage in association with RPGN; (vi) death from infection or malignoma is uncommon (not observed in this series); (vii) de novo IgA GN may occur in patients in remission from WG (2 observations).

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.