We explored the effects of ovine pituitary-derived renotropin on renal DNA synthesis in castrated hypophysectomized mice. Administration of the preparation at a dose of 47 μg for 5 days was followed by significant increases in renal DNA (134% of controls), and in kidney dry weight, protein and RNA. A time course study showed that [3H]-thymidine incorporation into renal DNA peaked at 8–10 h after one injection (60 μg) 1.9 times higher than in controls. Autoradiographic studies indicated that labeling indices increased significantly in proximal tubules (17 times) and endothelial cells (4 times) in the outer renal medulla of treated mice compared to controls. Nuclear areas in these cells also increased significantly. Our studies demonstrated a time course of new DNA synthesis stimulated by a renotropin and identified renotropin target cells.

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