Background: Delayed graft function (DGF) could worsen early and long-term outcomes of kidney transplantation (KT). DGF is caused by several pre-transplantation and perioperative factors in both donors and recipients. At present, there are no biomarkers or tests during the immediate post-KT period that can accurately predict the development of DGF. Materials and methods: This prospective study was conducted in deceased donor KT (DDKT) at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thailand. All recipients underwent furosemide stress test (FST) by receiving a single dose of intravenous furosemide, 1.5 mg/kg at 3 h after allograft reperfusion. We determined the correlations between DGF (requiring dialysis within the first week after transplantation) and the values of urine volume recorded hourly after FST until 6 h, the parameters of postoperative dynamic tests, including resistive index (RI) of renal arteries and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). Results: Of the 59 total DDKT recipients enrolled, 24 developed DGF. The FST is a more accurate biomarker than urine NGAL, RI of renal arteries, and ERPF in the prediction of DGF. The 4-h urine volume less than 350 mL (FST non-responsive) was the best cut-off value in predicting DGF with 87.5% sensitivity, 82.9% specificity, and 82.5% accuracy. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed an odds ratio of 0.993 (0.986–0.999, p = 0.035) for the 4-h urine volume to predict DGF. Conclusions: The FST is a simple and accurate biomarker for predicting DGF in early post-KT period. Close monitoring and well prepared dialysis are suggested in patients with urine volume < 350 mL after 4 h of FST. The FST non-responsive patients could be the target for further DGF preventive intervention. identifier: NCT03071536.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.