Background: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is considered a subset of the podocytopathies. The molecular pathogenesis of podocytopathy is still unknown. There has not been an experimental animal model of isolated podocytopathy induced by antibody in C57BL/6 strain, which is widely used as the genetic background. Nephrin is closely associated with the slit diaphragm of the glomerular podocyte, and has recently received attention as a potential therapeutic target. The function of nephrin, especially its role in FSGS development via podocytopathy, is being elucidated. We report our experience with a C57BL/6 FSGS model induced by polyclonal rabbit anti-mouse nephrin antibody (α-mNep Ab). Methods: α-mNep Ab, which was generated by genetic immunization, was administered into C57BL/6 mice at once, intravenously. Urinary protein excretion, the development of glomerulosclerosis and the number of podocyte in mouse kidney were evaluated. Results: The α-mNep Ab-induced FSGS was associated with massive proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome. In periodic acid-Schiff staining, FSGS was observed from day 7 after antibody injection. Podocyte numbers and podocyte marker (anti-Wilms tumor 1 and anti-synaptopodin)-positive areas were clearly decreased. These results suggest that this FSGS mouse model reliably reproduces the human nephrotic syndrome and FSGS. Conclusion: We succeeded in making the nephrotic syndrome model mice induced by α-mNep Ab using C57BL/6. This model may be useful for studying the mechanisms of podocytopathy.