Background/Aims: Tenc1 (also known as tensin2) is an integrin-associated focal adhesion molecule that is broadly expressed in mouse tissues including the liver, muscle, heart and kidney. A mouse strain carrying mutated Tenc1, the ICR-derived glomerulonephritis (ICGN) strain, develops severe nephrotic syndrome. Methods: To elucidate the function of Tenc1 in the kidney, Tenc1ICGN was introduced into 2 genetic backgrounds, i.e. DBA/2J (D2) and C57BL/6J (B6), strains that are respectively susceptible and resistant to chronic kidney disease. Results: Biochemical and histological analysis revealed that homozygous Tenc1ICGN mice develop nephrotic syndrome on the D2 background (D2GN) but not on the B6 background (B6GN). Initially, abnormal assembly and maturation of glomerular basement membrane (GBM) were observed, and subsequently effacement of podocyte foot processes was noted in the kidneys of D2GN but not B6GN mice. These defects are likely to be involved in the integrin signaling pathway. Conclusion: This study suggests that Tenc1 contributes to the maintenance of GBM structures and that the genetic background influences the severity of nephrotic syndrome.