Introduction: Currarino syndrome is a rare syndrome with multiple congenital anomalies including sacral agenesis, anorectal malformation, and presence of a presacral mass. Currarino syndrome is considered to be an autosomal dominant inherited disorder, with low penetrance and variable expressivity, but sporadic cases have also been reported. Mutations in MNX1 gene, mapped to 7q36, are the main causes of this syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, less than 400 cases of this syndrome have been mentioned in the literature. Currarino syndrome is often seen in children and considered to be rare in adults; it is mostly found as incidental finding and suspected to be underdiagnosed. Case Presentation: Recognizing the rarity of this syndrome, we present here two siblings with incomplete form of Currarino syndrome combined with microcephaly and intellectual disability. Banding and molecular cytogenetics were used to characterize the origin of this disorder. Banding cytogenetics together with molecular cytogenetics revealed an unbalanced translocation t(7;21)(q36.2;p11.3)mat, leading to a deletion of the 7q36 region in both affected children. Conclusion: This report highlights the importance of cytogenetics in diagnosis of rare genetic syndromes, with impact on genetic counseling of patients and their families. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first Moroccan Currarino syndrome case due to an unbalanced translocation leading to a der(7)t(7;21)(q36.2;p11.3). Also, this is the first Currarino syndrome case associated with a deletion in 7q36 to be reported in Morocco.

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