Objective: The study aimed to explore the genotype and allele distributions of dopamine D2-like receptor (DRD2) gene -141C and C957T polymorphisms in the Chinese Han population with dyslipidemia, as well as their association with serum lipid levels. Methods: One hundred fifty patients with dyslipidemia and 150 healthy people were recruited as the case and the control groups, respectively. Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were detected. The target sequence of DRD2 polymorphisms was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and genotyped via Sanger sequencing. Results: In DRD2 gene C957T (rs6277), three genotypes of CC, CT, and TT were detected with the frequencies of 92.67%, 6.67%, 0.67% in dyslipidemia cases, and 83.33%, 14.67%, 2.00% in the controls, respectively. The CT genotype and T allele frequencies were significantly low in the case group relative to the control group. After adjusting to other clinical indicators, the CT genotype of C957T polymorphism (hazard ratio = 0.401, 95% confidence interval = 0.181–0.890, p < 0.05) was still related to a significantly reduced risk of dyslipidemia. The C957T CT genotype carriers had the lowest values of serum TC, TG, LDL, and the highest values of serum HDL-C. Conclusion:DRD2 gene C957T polymorphism was an independent influencing factor associated with the susceptibility to dyslipidemia, and the CT genotype was associated with decreased odds of susceptibility to dyslipidemia.

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