Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by impaired social skills and limited or repetitive behaviors. In this study, we investigated the role of the ABCA13 gene in the etiopathogenesis of ASD. Methods: Single-nucleotide variants were evaluated in 79 ASD patients (59 males +20 females) with no established genetic etiology associated with ASD using whole-exome sequencing/clinical exome sequencing method. Family segregation analysis was performed using Sanger sequencing. We presented the clinical and genetic findings of these cases and their parents in detail. Results: We presented 10 different ABCA13 gene variants in cases with ASD and 10 parents carrying the same ABCA13 gene variant. There of these variants were likely pathogenic and seven variants were classified as variant of uncertain significance. Our cases had a comorbidity rate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as 70%. Various types of neuropsychiatric symptoms and diagnoses were detected including ADHD, anxiety disorder, intellectual disability, delay in speech, and febrile convulsion among the parents. Conclusion: To date, very few variants have been reported in the ABCA13 gene. Our findings enrich the role of ABCA13 gene may play a common role in the landscape of neuropsychiatric disorders.

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