Objective: We evaluated the hypothesis that the development of renal dysfunction and congestive heart failure (CHF) caused by volume overload in rats with angiotensin II (ANG II)-dependent hypertension is associated with altered renal vascular responsiveness to ANG II and to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). Methods: Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGRs) were used as a model of ANG II-dependent hypertension. CHF was induced by volume overload achieved by the creation of the aorto-caval fistula (ACF). Renal blood flow (RBF) responses were determined to renal arterial administration of ANG II, native 11,12-EET, an analog of 14,15-EETs (EET-A), norepinephrine (NE), acetylcholine (Ach) and bradykinin (Bk) in healthy (i.e., sham-operated) TGR and ACF TGR (5 weeks after ACF creation). Results: Selective intrarenal administration of neither vasoactive drug altered mean arterial pressure in any group. Administration of ANG II caused greater decreases in RBF in ACF TGR than in sham-operated TGR, whereas after administration of NE the respective decreases were comparable in the 2 groups. Administration of Ach and Bk elicited significantly higher RBF increases in ACF TGR as compared with sham-operated TGR. In contrast, administration of 11,12-EET and EET-A caused significantly smaller RBF increases in ACF TGR than in sham-operated TGR. Conclusion: The findings show that 5 weeks after creation of ACF, the TGR exhibit exaggerated renal vasoconstrictor responses to ANG II and reduced renal vasodilatory responses to EETs, suggesting that both these alterations might play an important role in the development of renal dysfunction in this model of CHF.

This content is only available via PDF.
Open Access License / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes as well as any distribution of modified material requires written permission. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.