Background/Aim: The tissue factor (TF) plays a key role in triggering the coagulation system in vivo. Our study was designed to determine whether or not the plasma levels of TF and its pathway inhibitor (TF pathway inhibitor; TFPI) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) (1) are pathologically altered; (2) differ between diabetics and nondiabetics, and (3) depend on the metabolic disorders associated with CRF and/or diabetes. Methods: Using ELISA, plasma TF and TFPI levels were measured once in 21 PD patients (10 with diabetes, 11 without diabetes) and in 21 healthy subjects. Results: As compared with healthy subjects (TF 282 pg/ml; TFPI 73 ng/ml), both TF and TFPI levels were significantly higher in PD patients with diabetes (485 pg/ml, p < 0.001, and 106 ng/ml, p < 0.01, respectively) and in PD patients without diabetes (480 pg/ml, p < 0,001, and 121 ng/ml, p < 0.001, respectively). The difference between diabetics and nondiabetics was not significant. In stepwise regression analysis, the TF levels depended on serum creatinine (partial correlation 0.39, p < 0.05), glycemia (0.43, p < 0.01), and insulin (–0.43, p < 0.05), and the TFPI levels depended on creatinine (partial correlation 0.67, p < 0.001), apolipoprotein B (0.46, p < 0.01), and plasma fibrinogen (0.43, p < 0.01). Conclusions: CRF patients on PD show increased plasma TF and TFPI levels. There is no difference between diabetics and nondiabetics. The TF and TFPI levels depend significantly on the renal function, as assessed by serum creatinine, and on some metabolic disorders. Elevated TF and TFPI levels may be related to thrombosis and atherosclerosis in CRF patients on PD.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.