Background/Aims: Ciglitazone and other thiazolidinedione compounds are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) ligands and improve renal function in diabetic nephropathy independent of blood glucose control. Because interstitial fibroblasts and glomerular mesangial cells are important cell types affected in diabetic nephropathy, the major aim of the present study was to examine the effect of ciglitazone on apoptosis and growth of renal interstitial fibroblasts (NRKs) and glomerular mesangial cells (MMCs). Methods: The effect of ciglitazone on apoptosis and cell growth of cultured NRKs and MMCs was done using DNA fragmentation and MTS cell-growth assays, respectively. The potential role of PPAR-γ in these two cell types was examined by reporter gene analysis. Results: Ciglitazone induced caspase-dependent apoptosis of both NRKs and MMCs and caused a significant decrease in cell growth. Other PPAR-γ ligands also mimicked this effect. Interestingly, ciglitazone did not activate the PPRE-TK-CAT (peroxisome proliferator regulatory element, a thymidine kinase promoter and a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene) when transfected into NRKs, suggesting that ciglitazone does not activate the endogenous PPAR-γ system in NRKs. On the other hand, ciglitazone activated the endogenous PPAR-γ in MMCs. Conclusions: Apoptotic and negative growth effects of ciglitazone, in NRKs, are not mediated through PPAR-γ. The thiazolidinediones have important cellular effects on renal interstitial fibroblasts and glomerular mesangial cells that may be therapeutically useful in non-diabetic renal disease.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.