Modulation of Tie2 receptor activity by angiopoietin ligands is crucial for angiogenesis, blood vessel maturation, and vascular endothelium integrity. The role of the angiopoietin (Ang) and Tie system in myocardial infarction is not well understood. To investigate the participation of the Ang/Tie in myocardial infarction, adult Sprague-Dawley rats with ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery to induce myocardial infarction were studied. Ang1, Ang2, Tie1, and Tie2 were measured immediately after ligation of the coronary artery, and at 6 h, 1 and 3 days, and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after ligation by Northern blotting, Western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining. Ang2 mRNA significantly increased from 2 weeks (2.1-fold) to 4 weeks (2.9-fold) after the infarction in the left ventricular free wall. Tie2 mRNA increased significantly from 1 week (2.1-fold) to 4 weeks (3.8-fold) after the infarction. Ang2 protein also significantly increased from 3 days (1.9-fold) to 4 weeks (3-fold) after the infarction in the left ventricular free wall. Tie2 protein increased 2.4-fold at 3 weeks and 2.8-fold at 4 weeks after the infarction. Neither Ang1 nor Tie1 mRNA or protein showed any significant change at any time point after the infarction. The ratio of Ang2/Ang1 mRNA and protein in the study group was higher than that in the control group. Ang2 and Tie2 expression in nonischemic myocardium showed no significant change. Immunohistochemical study also showed increased immunoreactivity of Ang2 and Tie2 at the infarct border. In conclusion, Ang2 and Tie2 expressions significantly increased both spatial and temporal patterns after myocardial infarction in the rat ventricular myocardium, while Ang1 and Tie1 receptor expression did not.

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