The long-term behavior of an arterial autograft was studied with special attention to the evolution of intimal hyperplasia. An arterial autograft measuring approximately 5 mm in length was implanted in the right common iliac artery of female Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were sacrificed at 90, 120, 150, 180, 240, 360, 400, 540 and 730 days after implantation. Grafts were evaluated by optical microscopy, electron microscopy, and morphometry. Myointimal cells were marked using an antiactin monoclonal antibody and studied by transmission electron microscopy. In the long term, the myointima of the arterial wall appeared as a consolidated layer formed by smooth muscle cells of contractile phenotype, abundant extracellular material consisting of clumps of elastin and collagen fibers. Cell maturity and degree of differentiation were demonstrated by the incorporation of antiactin antibody. The medial layer of the grafted segment suffered a marked long-term loss of cells and became an acellular layer sustained by the elastic layers. The adventitial layer was markedly cellular and had abundant vasa vasorum. Morphometry showed that the myointimal layer in the operated territory was not uniform and consisted of tongues of varying thickness. The total thickness of the arterial wall did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) between the graft and the proximal and distal areas. The results suggest that the intimal hyperplasia originating during the repair process could assume some functions of the degenerated medial layer, maintaining long-term vascular homeostasis.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.