Hyperplasia of mucosal mast cells (MMC) is found in many enteropathies which are caused by T lymphocytes, but their exact role is unknown. In this study we have investigated whether MMC play a part in the immunologically mediated enteropathy which occurs in mice with graft-versus-host reaction (GvHR). There were simultaneous increases in the numbers of jejunal MMC and in the concentrations of mouse intestinal mast cell proteinase both in serum and in the intestine in two separate models of GvHR. Although these changes developed in parallel with the evolving GvHR, there was no correlation between the degree of MMC activation and the severity of the intestinal pathology. In addition, mast cell deficient W/Wv mice developed systemic and intestinal GvHR as severe as their normal congenic littermates, despite a markedly deficient MMC response. We conclude that the role of MMC in enteropathy may be to regulate or repair T lymphocyte mediated immunopathology.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.