Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D) antigen is classified as a heterophile antigen and chemically defined as a glycoconjugate which contains N-glycolylneuraminic acid. H-D antigens are absent from normal human tissues, but can be expressed on a variety of human malignant cells, including melanoma. Natural anti-H-D antibodies have been detected in man with and without malignancies, but in this study when the level of antibody was compared between healthy adults and patients with melanoma, elevated anti-H-D antibody levels were found more frequently in melanoma patients for both IgM (p = 0.0001) and IgG (p = 0.0001). The present study was designed to evaluate the significance of the H-D antigen-antibody system in melanoma suppression. Sera from melanoma patients containing anti-H-D antibody reacted strongly to H-D antigen expressed on melanoma by means of flow cytometry. In a complement-dependent cytotoxicity assay this antibody killed melanoma cells in vitro. In vivo significance of the antibody was assessed by evaluating the relationship between the antibody levels and the clinical course in patients with stage II melanoma. Antibody levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a H-D glycoprotein antigen isolated from bovine erythrocytes. A significantly higher level of IgG (p = 0.0640) and IgM (p = 0.0644) anti-H-D antibody was demonstrated in those patients who were free of disease more than 5 years after surgery than in those who relapsed within 2 years. This study provides a rational basis for immunotherapy targeting H-D antigen in human melanoma.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.