Specificity of antibodies to Victoria strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) found in infectious mononucleosis (IM) and other pathologic sera was investigated by agglutination of NDV-modified human·red blood cells, as well as by immunodiffusion and enzyme immunoassay with various preparations of the virus. These studies clearly demonstrated that the NDV antibodies are distinct from P-B or H-D antibodies. The unexpected observation that guinea pig kidney (GPK) tissues absorbed NDV antibodies allowed their classification into a group of ‘GPK-positive’ heterophile antibodies. The simultaneous occurrence of the NDV antibodies and H-D antibodies in IM and other diseases suggests the possibility that multiple new antigenic determinants, especially those of carbohydrate nature, may appear due to the alteration of self-antigens as a result of various pathologic processes.

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