To elucidate the effect of capsaicin-sensitive nerve fibers, which are known to contain substance P (SP) and other sensory neuropeptides, on the sneezing reflex, we have investigated the effect of capsaicin on this reflex provoked in guinea pigs passively sensitized with anaphylactic antibody followed by specific antigen challenge. It has already been established that histamine released from mast cells is a reliable inducer of the sneezing reflex in type I allergy. Our experimental results indicated that the frequency of sneezing provoked by antigen challenge as well as histamine application was significantly reduced by pre-treatment with capsaicin in a dose-dependent fashion. SP is considered to be one of the main neurotransmitters in sensory nerves. When the amount of SP in animal nasal mucosa was measured 12 h after capsaicin treatment, a marked reduction was noted. However, the histamine content in the nasal mucosa was not changed by capsaicin treatment. These data suggest that neuropeptides, especially SP, which are released or depleted from sensory nerves by capsaicin treatment, probably play an important role as neurotransmitters of the stimulant histamine in the development of sneezing in type I allergy.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.