Background: It has been suggested that latex-specific IgE analysis may lead to false-positive results, especially in patients with pollen allergy. In the present study, the reasons underlying clinically irrelevant latex-specific IgE positivity were investigated. Methods: Thirty patients with latex allergy (group 1), 89 patients sensitised to aeroallergens (group 2a), and 98 healthy individuals without allergy (group 2b) were enrolled. Participants from all 3 groups were subjected to skin prick tests with aeroallergens including latex, latex-specific IgE analysis (ImmunoCAP), and nasal provocation test with latex. All cases demonstrating positive latex-specific IgE also underwent specific IgE tests (ImmunoCAP) with latex profilin, birch pollen profilin, peach lipid transfer protein, and pineapple bromelain as cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants. Results: Comparison of the atopic and healthy control groups showed that the rate of positive latex-specific IgE was significantly higher in group 2a. Latex profilin-, birch pollen profilin-, and bromelain-specific IgE were remarkably higher in group 2a. Conclusion: False positivity to latex-specific IgE in ImmunoCAP analysis may be observed in approximately 19% of patients with pollen allergy. Profilins and bromelain are the main contributors to clinically irrelevant positive latex-specific IgE.

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