In a previous study, we reported that interleukin-4 production was reduced in spleen cells of mice administered 3,5,6,7,8,3′,4′-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF), which is a polymethoxyflavone found at high concentrations in the peel of various citrus fruits. In this study, we investigated the function of HMF on the growth of T cells cultured from the spleens of mice. HMF decreased the reduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) by anti-CD3/CD28 antibody-stimulated mouse spleen cells. HMF inhibited the activities of phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzymes prepared from bovine brain and human PDE4B and PDE3B enzymes. The cyclic AMP (cAMP) content in anti-CD3/CD28 antibody-stimulated spleen cells increased after HMF treatment in vitro. These results suggest that HMF inhibits T-cell growth and affects immune function via reduced PDE activity and increased cAMP content.